A major goal of the CRC is to support Australia’s protecting cropping sector in transitioning to advanced automated systems – including, potentially, robotics. Many complex contextual, sequencing and economic issues must be addressed before a critical mass of firms is likely to invest in robotic systems. This study summarises current baseline conditions regarding the adoption of indoor cropping robotics globally, considering the dominant existing solutions and applications currently in the market, and the basic costs and benefits of implementing these technologies in Australian contexts.