Compiled by the AAEP, with funding from the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, this 2017 report investigates factors that must be taken into account in any effort to improve cold-chain management in Australia, and explores the deployment of sensor technology, data monitoring and IoT to provide better identification of temperature control issues along the supply chain from packing room to retail shelf – particularly for temperature-sensitive, perishable and high-value goods. Issues of shelf life, spoilage and safety are key concerns. Potential savings are significant. Technology will enable end-to-end traceability and eventually, tools like disposable sensors embedded in product packaging yielding real-time end-to-end temperature readings.